tendency和trend的用法有什么区别?

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tendency和trend的用法有什么区别?www.shan-machinery.com英语词汇三个表示“倾向”的名词嘉中

tendency、trend、inclination 这三个名词都含“倾向”、“趋势”的意思

tendency

1) 指人在思想、行为上的倾向, 常接动词不定式作作其定语; 或指人在性格方面的倾向,接介词

to 或 toward。

tendency to/toward sth.

He is spoiled, arrogant and has a tendency towards snobbery.

他被宠坏了,傲慢而且有势利的倾向。

Some people may inherit a tendency to alcoholism.

有些人可能遗传有酗酒的倾向。

Most children eventually outgrow a tendency toward travel sickness.

大多数孩子最终会摆脱晕车的倾向。

——————

也可以接动词不定式 tendency (for sb.)to do sth.

例句:

His tendency to exaggerate is well known.

他爱夸大其词是出了名的。

She has a tendency to glance around to see if there's someone more important to

talk to.

她喜欢四处张望,看看是否有更重要的人物可以搭讪。

As a general rule, the middle class has a tendency to be politically conservative.

通常,中产阶级倾向于政治上保守。

Greg's tendency to be critical made him unpopular with his co-workers.

格雷格爱挑剔的倾向使他在同事中不受欢迎。

———————

2)指事物的某种自然倾向,或涌现的某种倾向或趋势,后接动词不定式作定语。

例句:

The drug is effective but has a tendency to cause headaches.

这种药有效,但容易引起头痛。

This material has a tendency to shrink when washed.

这种料子洗后有缩水的倾向。

There has been a tendency for industry to be located in a single region, instead of

being dispersed evenly over the whole country.

现在有一种工业往往位于单一地区,而不是均匀地分散在全国各地。

Prices continue to show an upward tendency.

物价继续呈现上升的趋势。

There is a tendency for unemployment to rise in the summer.

夏季失业率有上升的趋势。

There is a growing tendency to regard money more highly than quality of life.

越来越多人傾向把金钱看得重于生活品质。

trend 侧重指新涌现的发展趋向、傾向、动向,成为时尚、潮流的趋向。有时可与

tendency 换用。

例句:

Surveys show a trend away from home-ownership and toward rented accommodation.

调查显示一种从自置居所转向租房的趋势。

There is a growing trend for people to work at home instead of in offices.

有越来越多的人在家里工作而不是在办公室。

There is an inevitable trend that technical specialists, managers and even executives

will be contracted as supplemental workers.

有一种不可避免的趋势,技术专家、经理、甚至总裁都将是签合同辅助员工。

The trend at the moment is for a more natural and less made-up look.

时下的是更自然、少化妆。

A worrying trend for insurers has been a rise in fraudulent claims.

对保险公司来说,一个令人担忧的趋势是欺诈性索赔的增加。

inclination用于人时指出于兴趣、好感或意愿表现出的倾向;用于物时指出现向某一方向发

展的倾向。

例句:

He always follows his own inclination instead of thinking of others’ feelings.

他总是按自己的兴趣意愿行事,不考虑他人的感受。

But girls rarely seem to have either the chance or the inclination to get plugged in

these games.

但是,女孩似乎极少有机会或意向要参与这些游戏。

We should be basing our decisions on solid facts, not inclinations and hunches.

我们应根据确凿的事实作出决定,而不是凭个人倾向和直觉。

Neither of my children showed the slightest inclination to follow me into journalism.

我的两个孩子都没有表现出丝毫想跟随我进入新闻业的倾向。

He had neither the time nor the inclination to be involved in the matter.

他既没有时间也没有意向想参与这种事情。

It is the bank s job to second-guess the public's inclination to save or spend.

预测国民的储蓄和消费倾向是银行的工作。

From May the prices of these products have an inclination to go up.

从5月开始这些商品的价格有向上涨的趋势。

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