2014年考研英语一真题及答案

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完形填空

As many people hit middle age, they often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be .We suddenly can't remember ___we put the keys just a moment ago ,or an old acquaintance's name, or the name of an old band we used to love .As the brain ___,we refer to these occurrences an “senior moments.” ___ seemingly innocent , this loss of mental focus can potentially have a(n) ___impact on our professional, social , and personal___.

Neuroscientists ,experts who study the nervous system ,are increasingly showing that there's actually a lot that can be done .It ___out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do ,and the right mental ___can significantly improve our basic cognitive ___.Thinking is ___essentially a ___of making connections in the brain .To a certain extent ,our ability to ___in marking the connections that drive intelligence is inherited . ability to ___in making the connections are made through effort and practice ,___,because these connections are made through effort and practice , scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuate ___ mental effort .

Now , a new Web-based company has taken it a step ___and developed the first “ brain training program ” designed to actually help people improve and regain their mental ___.

The Web-based program ___ you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills . The program keeps ___of your progress and provides detailed feedback ___ your performance and improvement .Most importantly, it ___modifies and enhances the games you play to ___ on the strengths you are developing - much like a(n) ___ exercise routine requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use .

1.[A]where [B]when [C]that [D]why

2. [A]improves [B]fades [C]recovers [D]collapses

3. [A]If [B]Unless [C]Once [D]While

4. [A]uneven [B]limited [C]damaging [D]obsucure

5. [A]wellbeing [B]envirenment [C]relationahip [D]outlook

6. [A]turns [B]finds [C]points [D]figures

7. [A]roundabouts [B]responses [C]workouts [D]associations

8. [A]genre [B]functions [C]cicumstances [D]criterion

9. [A]channel [B]condition [C]sequence [D]process

10. [A]persist [B]believe [C]excel [D]feature

11. [A]Therefore [B]Moreover [C]Otherwise [D]However

12. [A]according to [B]regardless of [C]apart from [D]instead of

13. [A]back [B]further [C]aside [D]around

14. [A]sharpness [B]stability [C]framework [D]flexibility

15. [A]forces [B]reminds [C]hurries [D]allows

16. [A]hold [B]track [C]order [D]pace

17. [A]to [B]with [C]for [D]on

18. [A]irregularly [B]habitually [C]constantly [D]unusually

19. [A]carry [B]put [C]build [D]take

20. [A]risky [B]effective [C]idle [D]familiar参考答案翻译

Music means different things to different people and sometimes even different things to the same person at different moments of his life. It might be poetic, philosophical, sensual, or mathematical, but in any case it must, in my view, have something to do with the soul of the human being. Hence it is metaphysical; but the means of expression is purely and exclusively physical: sound. I believe it is precisely this permanent coexistence of metaphysical message through physical means that is the strength of music.

(46)It is also the reason why when we try to describe music with words, all we can do is articulate our reactions to it, and not grasp music itself.

Beethoven's importance in music has been principally defined by the revolutionary nature of his compositions. He freed music from hitherto prevailing conventions of harmony and structure. Sometimes I feel in his late works a will to break all signs of continuity. The music is abrupt and seemingly disconnected, as in the last piano sonata. In musical expression, he did not feel restrained by the weight of convention.

(47)By all accounts he was a freethinking person, and a courageous one, and I find courage an essential quality for the understanding, let alone the performance, of his works.

This courageous attitude in fact becomes a requirement for the performers of Beethoven's music. His compositions demand the performer to show courage, for example in the use of dynamics.

(48)Beethoven's habit of increasing the volume with an intense crescendo and then abruptly following it with a sudden soft passage was only rarely used by composers before him.

Beethoven was a deeply political man in the broadest sense of the word. He was not interested in daily politics, but concerned with questions of moral behavior and the larger questions of right and wrong affecting the entire society.

(49)Especially significant was his view of freedom, which, for him, was associated with the rights and responsibilities of the individual: he advocated freedom of thought and of personal expression.

(50)Beethoven's music tends to move from chaos to order as if order were an imperative of human existence. For him, order does not result from forgetting or ignoring the disorders that plague our existence; order is a necessary development, an improvement that may lead to the Greek ideal of spiritual elevation. It is not by chance that the Funeral March is not the last movement of the Eroica Symphony, but the second, so that suffering does not have the last word.参考答案46. It is also the reason why when we try to describe music with words, all we can do is articulate our reactions to it and not grasp music itself.

这就是为什么当我们尝试用语言来描述音乐时,我们能清楚的表达对音乐的反应,但并没有领会音乐的精髓。

47. By all accounts he was a freethinking person, and a courageous one, and I find courage an essential quality for the understanding, let along the performance, of his works.

据大家所说,贝多芬是个思想自由而且有勇气的人,发现勇气是理解他作品的本质,更不用说演奏他的作品了。

48. Beethoven‘s habit of increasing the volume with an extreme intensity and then abruptly following it with a sudden soft passage was only rarely used by composers before him.

贝多芬表演时习惯性的增加他的音量,然后突然转为柔和的节拍,前辈的音乐家很少有这种习惯。

49. Especially significant was his views of freedom, which, for him, was associated with the rights and responsibilities of the individual; he advocated freedom of thought and of personal expression.

尤其重要的是他对自由的看法,他认为这和个人的权利和责任有关,他提倡思想自由和个人言论自由。

50. One could interpret much of the work of Beethoven by saying that suffering is inevitable, but the courage to fight it renders life worth living.

人们会将贝多芬的很多作品解释为――痛苦是难免的,但是与痛苦抗争的勇气表明生命值得活下去。

小作文

Write a letter of about 100 words to the president of your university, suggesting how to improve students' physical condition.

You should include the details you think necessary.

You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address. (10 points)

参考答案Dear Mr. President,

I am writing to put forward some suggestions concerning the ways to improve student’s physical condition in your university. My proposals are as the following.

First and foremost, I propose that we should take advantages of physical education classes on our campus, and not only educate students to realize the significance of the classes, but also to encourage students to take an active part in the classes. More importantly, we should attach importance to the role played by extra-curricular activates. For example, we could plan and organize a large number of such ball games as football games, basketball games and so on.

It’s my honor to share my opinions concerned with you. If you could take my advice into consideration, I will be highly grateful.

Sincerely yours

Li Ming参考答案

As is shown above,in the first picture, along the road walked a young and vigorous mother,leading her girl hand in hand,with smile on her face three decades ago,while nowadays the daughter in the prime of her life guided her aged mother through the road arm in arm in the second picture. Recently there is a heated discussion about these pictures on Wei bo. Simple as they are, the meaning behind is as deep as ocean.

The meaningful drawing mirrors a common phenomenon in contemporary society that there is the positive influence of fealty. It is universally acknowledged that supporting the aged is the responsibility of the sons and daughters of the Chinese people. First of all, emphases should be given to the cultivation of young children on respecting and loving the elders, which is undoubtedly an essential factor of this phenomenon. In addition,our government should take joint efforts to carry out effective measures on how to punish those who abuse the elders. Last but not the least,every individuals should keep deep in mind that it is the elders that contributed a lot to the rapid development of our society.

Given all the above arguments,I take the attitude that, first of all, we should show filial piety to parents who bring us to maturity. More importantly, the public should embrace and promote the awareness of filial duty which is importance for a more active and healthy society. In conclusion,filial piety,as a traditional Chinese virtue,is indispensable for us living a more valuable and fulfilling life.

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